Styrene monomer is an organic compound with the chemical formula C8H8. This derivative of benzene is a colorless oily liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell. Styrene is the precursor to several polymers. Styrene occurs naturally in small quantities in some plants and foods (cinnamon, coffee beans, and peanuts) and is also found in coal tar. Styrene is usually produced from dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene. Also by combining toluene and methanol, and benzene and ethane, styrene can be produced. The presence of the vinyl group allows styrene to polymerize. Styrene Monomer is used in production of polystyrene monomers.
These materials are used in manufacturing products like rubber, plastics, insulation, fiberglass, pipes, car and boat parts, food containers and carpet slats, refrigeration insulation in refrigerators and freezers, sports equipment, etc.